Latitudes IV

Esta semana se está llevando a cabo el Workshop Internacional de Arquitectura Latitudes IV: Towards a New Territorial Culture. Profesores y alumnos de Copenhague, Viena, Buenos Aires y Granada están trabajando durante esta semana en la Casa Zayas del Albaicín granadino.Os dejamos aquí la introducción al taller y su programa de actividades. 


Marisol García Torrente. Granada. España.
Ubaldo García Torrente. Granada. España.
María Gómez-Guillamón. Copenhague. Dinamarca.
Reiner Zettl. Viena, Austria.
José Carlos López Cervantes. Viena, Austria.


Fr25no 17:00 Welcome visitors
Sa26no 06:30 Bus to Palma del Río

09:30 Welcome Session. Palma del Rio City Council

10:00 Course work exposure


Conference Tomás Rodríguez Ruiz / work presentation

13:00 Visit the intervetion area

14:30 Lunch

18:00 Bus to Granada
Su27no 09:30 Formation of groups

10:00 Workshop

14:30 Lunch

16:00 Workshop

20:00 Lecture: Antonio Jiménez Torrecillas
Visit city / buildings
Visit city / buildings
We30no 09:00 Welcome authorities

10:00 Lecture: Rehabilitation and restoration Casa Zayas          
Ubaldo García Torrente          
Carlos Núñez Guerrero,  
Susana Rodríguez.

11:00 Workshop

14:30 Lunch

16:00 Workshop

20:30 Lecture : <<Young architecture>>           
Carlos Gor.           
José Carlos López Cervantes.            
José Luis Muñoz.

21:30 Dinner

22:30 Workshop
Th01di 08:30 Workshop

14:30 Lunch

16:00 Workshop

20:00 Lecture: Reiner Zettl

21:30 Dinner

22:30 Workshop
Fr02di 08:30 Workshop

14:30 Lunch

16:00 Workshop

21:30 Dinner

22:30 Workshop
Sa03di 10:30 Presentation and Jury

14:30 Lunch

TERRITORY. From this premise, it is important to understand that our territories are a complex palimpsest where the accumulation over time of successive processes have led to the deposition of an area of ​​great social and historical complexity than any territory, each of those societies that have inhabited and built over time have left their cultural mark, whose trace can perceive and understand: their implementation criterias, the form of social and territorial organization, mechanisms of adaptation to the environment, the technical process to overcome adversity ... a compendium of strategies that define the basic structure of the current territorial system.

In this regional context,
culture plays a key role. Culture as a product of human labor and the environment in which it operates. The various manifestations expressed in facts, concepts, works, products, results and relationships that men develop a dynamic process of production and dialogue. The set of expressions and distinctive spiritual, material, intellectual and emotional, that characterize a society or social group in a determinate period, encompassing way of life, ceremonies, art, inventions, technology, values, fundamental rights, traditions, rites, practices and beliefs. In short, the basis for the survival of a society, all that constitutes the regulations in which are based the actions of that group of people to adapt themselves to the environment and meet their needs.

Assuming Territory is both, support and inspiration of these cultural expressions, the great memory of the culture of the peoples and societies that occupied, controlled, adapted and lived throughout history. We can define the territory as a physical and symbolic structure, which refers to the particular way it divides the space, which determine physical locations and networks that exist for communication, together with the knowledge and wisdom of a society that mark behaviors, forms of social relations, ideas and future projects.

THE FUTURE. At the moment in which we witness an accelerated destruction of the territory that is fueling much of irreparable loss of cultural heritage, natural and material culture of the territory that made it possible, this workshop will aim to propose new ideas on of these budgets, trying to define the current situation, the methodological approach to the knowledge of these cultural spaces in all its dimensions and all that, as architects, we can give answers to the conflict we attend with the goal of preservation for future generations and its value.

The future of the planet is in the preservation of territories with culture, speech and collective purpose and have this way of looking to take hold as a new culture of the territory, is aware that, from these expressions, where they can speeches built consistent, positive, purposeful and cyclists take part in a citizenship that has to be involved and understand that when a territory or a unique landscape is lost, gone an important part of their culture and history.
THE PROJECT. This is evident in the study area proposed for the workshop. Areas that were designed with a smart and territorial ideas and that in a moment of uncontrolled development, break the rules that were agreed and accepted, between man and nature and cause imbalances difficult to stabilize. The future will see the light when the territory will be consider as interaction in the space of social conditions as a pre-existing created by natural and historical memory. As a fusion of nature, culture and technology, leading to enrichment of the space each time. In this sense, the approach is made from the project must be understood not from a conservative approach that involves carrying the burden of preventing new language tradition, on the contrary, based on the consideration that although the historical memory of the passage, incorporated in the construction of the territory, is the personality of a community and makes it that and not another, just as the biography of an individual shapes his personality that makes it distinguished from the others, this personality should contribute to the enrichment of future options and not its impoverishment.

The necessary accommodation between the needs of the future and the preservation of acquired culture, means that the interpretation of the construction of the territory should be in every generation, from the perspective of the culture of their own temporal context and according to their ideals of f
uture. This arrangement of what is transmitted to the goals and needs of the moment, characteristic of all languages, is even more evident in the case of the territory because its peculiarity of being capable of habitability, whose needs must necessarily be accommodated in each space-time. Hence the invigorating interpretation of construction on something inherited exceed the pure analytical description from the point of geographical, historical or cultural background and possible reflection purely defensive about protection in catalogs, to find innovative solutions able to insert the wealth of local knowledge on the future plans.

That is why at this point, conservation and development can no longer be understood as opposing terms and circumstances. They are realities that must necessarily reconciled to apply new forms of assessment, placement, operation and management. Cultural heritage should therefore join and be part of economic activity and characterize a form of endogenous development. Perched on the basis of sustainability is its own territory, in heritage, which acquires the status of resource and where materialize ecological systems, where it takes the whole consistency and diversity, and therefore, where the heritage acquires all its meaning.

Amin Maalouf said in his speech as the Prince of Asturias Prize for Literature in 2010:

"Culture is not a luxury we can afford only in this Faust's times. Its mission is to formulate key questions. About us Where are we going? What do we build? What society? What civilization? And based on what values? How to use the huge resources provided to us by science? How to become tools of freedom and not slavery?

The role of culture is even more crucial in times misguided. And ours is an era misguided. If we neglect this century just started will reverse a century of ethical, I say with sorrow, but not lightly. It will be a century of scientific and technological progress, no doubt. But it will also reverse a century of ethics. Identity claims will worsen, violent on many occasions and in many cases, retrograde, weakens the solidarity between nations and within nations, the European dream losing bellows; erode democratic values, is used too often to the operations military and the state of emergency ... symptoms abound.

Faced with this setback in its infancy, we have no right to resign and give way to despair. Today it honors literature and it honors us all is the attempt to understand the complexities of our time and to imagine possible solutions to continue living in our world. We have no spare planet, we only have this old Earth, and it is our duty to protect it and make it harmonious and humane"

Aminn Maalouf. October 22, 2010.